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APA, short for American Psychological Association, is a citation format most commonly used in scholarly works that focus on the social sciences, such as sociology and psychology. Now in its 6th edition, the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association provides details on how to make an accurate reference list in accordance with APA style rules. In the Publication Manual, you will find examples and rules for items such as an APA citation for a textbook, chapter, website, journal, and so much more.

Are you still stuck trying to make an APA book citation for your research paper? This guide has all of the information that you need in order to make accurate citations for both your APA in-text citation for a book and for your reference list. There is even a section on APA citation of textbook rules and best practices.

Looking to make citations in a different format? Check out more styles that are available on EasyBib.

In-Text Citation APA: Rules and Examples

APA style uses a type of in-text citation that is referred to as “parenthetical,” meaning that the citations made within the body of the paper are contained within parentheses. APA book in-text citation typically has two main components: the author’s name, and the year that it was published. The APA parenthetical citation comes directly after you reference the source in you paper, and before any periods or other punctuation that ends the sentence. 

 

Both APA in-text citation book rules and rules for reference list entries state that the title should be in sentence case, meaning that every word in the title should be lowercase, with the following exceptions: 

 

  • Proper nouns, such as peoples’ names
  • The first word in the title
  • The first word after a colon

 

Here are some formulas and examples to help you create an accurate APA in-text citation for a book.

In-Text Citation: One Author

Structure:

(Author Last Name, Year Published)

Example for a basic APA citation of a book:

(Middlekauff, 2007)

In-Text Citation: Two Authors

Structure:

(Author 1 Last Name & Author 2 Last Name, Year Published)

Example:

(Middlekauff & Wagner, 2007)

In-Text Citation: Three to Five Authors

Structure:

(Author 1 Last Name, Author 2 Last Name, Author 3 Last Name, Author 4 Last Name, & Author 5 Last Name, Year Published)

Example:

(Middlekauff, Wagner, Chan, Lin, & Fox, 2007)

In-Text Citation: Six or More Authors

Structure:

(Author 1 Last Name et al., Year Published)

Example:

(Middlekauff et al., 2007)

In-Text Citation: Organization as an Author

Structure:

(Organization Name, Year Published)

Example:

(The American Historical Society, 2007)

In-Text Citation: No Author

In the rare case that there is no author listed, cite the source by a shortened version of the title.

Structure:

(Title in sentence case, Year Published)

Example:

(The Glorious Cause, 2007)

In-Text Citation: No Date

If there is no published date available, APA book citation rules state that you should then place the abbreviation “n.d.” in the parenthesis where the year published would normally appear.

Structure:

(Author Last Name, n.d.)

Example:

(Middlekauff, n.d.)

But what if you’re looking for APA in-text citation textbook rules? The formatting specifications for APA citation for a textbook is quite similar to the specifications for citing other types of sources. Keep reading for the structure and an example of correct APA citation of textbook rules.

In-Text APA Citation for a Textbook

Structure:

(Author Last Name, Year Published)

Example:

(Middlekauff, 2007)

It is important to note that each APA in-text citation for books must have a corresponding citation entry in the reference list at the end of your paper. Further details on how to make in-text citations in APA format can be found on pages 169-179 of the Publication Manual.

 

Here are some additional things to keep in mind when adhering to APA in-text citation for book rules: 

 

  • The names of contributors, such as authors, editors, and translators, should always be capitalized. In-text citation book APA rules also state that all proper nouns should be capitalized.
  • Be sure to place the in-text citation before the ending punctuation in the sentence. 
  • If you are not directly quoting a piece of content from a source, then there is no need to place the page number within the parenthetical citation. 

 

This is an example of what an in text citation in APA format would look like following a quote in your paper: 

In the context of grammar, a “determiner” is a modifying word that determines the kind of reference a noun or noun group has (Johnson, 2003). Examples of determiners are “a,” “the,” and “every.”

Looking for even more citation info? EasyBib.com has resources for all of the most popular citation styles, and for source types beyond just an APA book citation. You can find helpful info on topics like how to create MLA in-text & parenthetical citations by visiting our comprehensive guides pages.

Reference List APA: Rules and Examples

Each in-text citation that you include in your paper requires a corresponding citation entry in the “reference list,” or the list of full citations at the end of your paper. Both APA works cited pages and APA bibliography pages are titled “References” in accordance with APA style. There are many different ways to create citations in your reference list. The structure of a book citation in APA citation  format depends on several components, such as what type of book it is (print, from a website, etc.), and whether or not it has editors or translators. 

 

Important Note: Rules for APA book citation requires that you list the location of the publisher. This should be listed as “City, State” such as “New York, NY”.

Looking for a citation style other than APA? EasyBib.com has your citation needs covered for thousands of popular citation styles including MLA format and Chicago Manual of Style. Visit our MLA works cited page and find tips and tricks for how to cite websites in MLA all in one place.

 

APA Citation: Book in Print

Structure:

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year Published). Title in sentence case. City, State: Publisher.

Example:

Middlekauff, R.H. (2007). The glorious cause: The American Revolution. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

APA Citation: Book Accessed on Website

Structure:

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year Published). Title in sentence case. Retrieved from URL.

Example:

Middlekauff, R.H. (2007). The glorious cause: The American Revolution. Retrieved from http://books.google.com.

APA Citation E-Book

Structure:

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year Published). Title in sentence case [Ebook platform version]. Retrieved from ebook platform URL.

Example:

Middlekauff, R.H. (2007). The glorious cause: The American Revolution [Kindle version]. Retrieved from https://www.amazon.com.

APA Citation: Book Accessed on an Online Database

Structure:

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year Published). Title in sentence case. Retrieved from URL for Database.

Example:

Middlekauff, R.H. (2007). The glorious cause: The American Revolution. Retrieved from http://www.infobasepublishing.com.

APA Citation: Edited Book with No Author

Structure:

Editor Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Ed.). (Year Published). Title in sentence case. City, State: Publisher.

Example:

Chan, D.F. (Ed.). (2007). The glorious cause: The American Revolution. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

APA Citation: Edited Book with Author Available

Structure:

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year Published). Title in sentence case. Editor First Initial. Middle Initial. Last Name (Ed.). City, State: Publisher.

Example:

Middlekauff, R.H. (2007). The glorious cause: The American Revolution. D.F. Chan (Ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

APA Citation: Book with Translator

Structure:

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year Published). Title in sentence case. Translator First Initial. Middle Initial. Last Name (Trans.). City, State: Publisher. (Original work published Year).

Example:

Middlekauff, R.H. (2007). The glorious cause: The American Revolution. D.F. Chan (Trans.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. (Original work published 1905).

APA Citation: Editions of Books

Only list the edition number if the version you are citing is an edition other than the first.

Structure:

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year Published). Title in sentence case (edition number ed.). City, State: Publisher.

Example:

Middlekauff, R.H. (2007). The glorious cause: The American Revolution (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

APA Citation Multi-Volume Works

Structure:

Editor Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Ed.). (Year Published). Title in sentence case (Vol. volume number). City, State: Publisher.

Example:

Chan, D. F. (Ed.). (2007). Title in sentence case (Vol. 2). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

APA Citation: Chapters

Structure:

Chapter Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year Published). Title of chapter. In Editor  First Initial. Middle Initial. Last Name (Ed.), Book title (pp. pages of chapter). City, State: Publisher.

Example:

Fox, E. M. (2007). The battle of Long Island. In D.F. Chan (Ed.), The glorious cause: The American Revolution (pp. 75-91). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Need help with more than just citations? Don’t know the difference between a pronoun and an adverb? We’re here to help! EasyBib.com has a dedicated tool for grammar, so you can brush up on your interjection, verb, and conjunction knowledge in a snap! Visit our grammar guides pages to learn more.

APA Citation for a Textbook

APA citation of textbook formatting is essentially the same as formatting for other types of print sources in APA style. You may want to pay special attention to additional information, however, such as editors, volume numbers, and editions. This is because new editions are released regularly, and therefore edition numbers and volume numbers change to follow suit. For this reason APA citation of textbook rules can be a bit tricky. 

Here is how you should handle APA citation for a textbook.

Structure:

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year Published). Title in sentence case (edition number ed.). City, State: Publisher.

Example:

Smith, P.M. (2012). Cut to the chase: Online video editing (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: E&K Publishing.

While print sources are great resources for research papers, it is important to include a wide variety of source types in your reference list. You can find additional help with citing sources in APA format by visiting our APA website citation guide, as well as our guide on how to cite APA journal articles. You can also find help on how to create an annotated bibliography. 

Here are a few additional notes to keep in mind when making an APA book citation:

  • If available, add the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) at the end of citations in place of a URL. This is only applicable for citation when the source is accessed on a website or a database.
  • If you used an e-reader, you should still include the URL that you retrieved the source from, for example, www.amazon.com.
  • APA citation of textbook rules are quite similar to other formatting rules, but may require special attention to specific edition information. 

Did you know that EasyBib.com has resources on need-to-know grammar tips and rules? Enhance your noun, adjective, and preposition knowledge in a snap by visiting our grammar guides. 

Writing a research paper can be tough, but EasyBib is here to help! You can find a paper topic more quickly than ever before by checking out our brand new topic guides. And, with dozens of citation tutorials and a grammar and plagiarism checker, you can be confident that your paper is of the highest quality before handing it in. It’s a paper writer’s best friend!

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View our visual citation guide on how to cite a Book in APA format.

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