EasyBib APA Citations Guide

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Welcome to the EasyBib APA Citations Guide. In this easy-to-read and thorough guide, you’ll learn how to structure your citations according to the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association and see examples of citations for different source types.

We’ll start with the basics and explain what APA is and why it’s so important. If you’re here to simply learn how to cite your sources, scroll down to the bottom half of this page. Whether you’re trying to cite a book, website, newspaper article, or even an Instagram post, we have what you need!

If you’re here to learn how to format an APA style, a title page, or learn how to build an APA research paper outline, check out our APA format guide. It covers everything related to the design and styling of your paper. It even has an APA example paper!


The Basics of APA

We’re going to start from the beginning for all of you newbies out there, or for those of you looking for a refresher.

Another widely used style is MLA format. Believe it or not, there are thousands of other styles, so perhaps your teacher or professor requested a completely different one. If you’re in that boat, head to EasyBib.com to check out more styles. While you’re at it, poke around and check out our APA reference generator. It may be just what you’re looking for.


References vs. Citations – What’s the difference?

References and citations are two terms that are thrown around a lot and quite often mean the same thing. A reference, or citation, shows the reader that a piece of information originated elsewhere. But, along came APA and decided to throw a curveball at us. In APA, the two terms have two different meanings.


A rundown on references

Before we get into the nitty-gritty details on how to structure references for your APA paper, let’s get one more quick piece of information off the table.


Fundamentals of an APA citation

This entire section goes into detail on each component of a reference. If you’re looking to learn how to style the names of the authors, the title, publishing information, and other aspects related to the reference, this section is for you!

Formatting Author Information


Formatting Titles & Dates


Citing Books in APA

You’ll find plenty of source types below. If you don’t see what you’re looking for, try out our APA reference generator on EasyBib.com! Or, here’s a great informative site we like. If you’d like to see a full APA sample paper, take a glance at the main citation guide for this style on EasyBib.com.


Citing Journals and Articles in APA


Citing a Source on the Internet in APA

Citing digital sources in this style is much easier than other styles. If you’re wondering why, it’s because a lot of information isn’t included in the reference.


Citing Media Sources in APA

Citing Additional Sources in APA


Putting it All Together

You’ve structured your sources correctly, right? You have the periods, italics, and commas where they belong? Capital letters where they’re supposed to be? Great! You’re almost through! The last step is organizing your citations properly on the page. For easy to follow, in-depth instructions on structuring the last page in your project, check out our APA works cited page. If you’d like to see a sample APA paper, check out the main guide for this style on EasyBib.com!

Before you hit submit, make sure you run your paper through our plagiarism checker. It checks for instances of accidental plagiarism and scans for spelling and grammatical errors. Even if you think you have every verb, adverb, or interjection where it belongs, you may be surprised with what our innovative technology suggests.

Visit our EasyBib Twitter feed to discover more citing tips, fun grammar facts, and the latest product updates.


Published August 2, 2019. Updated March 10, 2020. 

Written and edited by Michele Kirschenbaum and Elise Barbeau. Michele Kirschenbaum is a dedicated school library media specialist and one of the in-house EasyBib librarians. Elise Barbeau is the Citation Specialist at Chegg. She has worked in digital marketing, libraries, and publishing.


APA guides: Format | Website | Journal | Book | Book Chapter | eBook | Bible | Blog | Database | Dictionary | Encyclopedia | Image | Interview | Magazine | Newspaper | Report | Thesis | YouTube Video

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