How to Cite a Database in APA 

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Published April 18, 2012. Updated October 4, 2021.

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APA style does not require database information in its citations. You would cite the source found within the database, such as a journal article or a photograph.

Click here to automatically cite a Database article.

How to Cite a Journal Article from a Database Online in APA Format

APA style does not require Database information in its citations. You would cite the source found within the Database, such as a journal article or a photograph.

Structure:

Last, F. M. (Year Published). Article title. Journal Name, Volume (Issue), Page(s). doi:# OR Retrieved from URL

Example:

Ahn, H.,; Kim, K. (2008). Using genetic algorithms to optimize nearest neighbors for data mining. Annals of Operations Research, 263(1), 5-18. doi:10.1007/s10479-0080325-2

Make sure to:

  • Leave no spaces between “doi:” and the number.
  • Only capitalize proper nouns and the first work of the article title (or the first word after a : in the title)
  • Only include URL if there is no doi.

 

Updated November 3, 2020.

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How do I cite a database in APA

You do not need to cite a database in APA style, but to cite a source within a database, it is important that you know some basic information including the author, publication year, title of the work, name of the database, and URL (uniform resource locator). The templates for an in-text citation and reference list entry of a database, along with examples, are given below:

In-text citation template and example:

Use the author’s surname and the publication year in in-text citations.

Narrative:

Author Surname (Publication Year)

Lin (2019)

Parenthetical:

(Author Surname, Publication Year)

(Lin, 2019)

Reference list entry template and example:

The title of the work is given in sentence case and italicized. Include the document number in parenthesis after the title. Then, add the name of the database followed by the URL.

Author Surname, F. M. (Publication Year). Title of the work (Document Number). Name of the Database. URL

Lin, C. (2019). Politics in history education in Hong Kong: Towards critical political education (EJ1221601). ERIC. https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Do+artifacts+have+politics&ff1=pubInformation+Analyses&id=EJ1221601

Do I need to include the full URL when citing a subscription database?

You need not include the full URL when citing a subscription database, as the URL will not be accessible to readers who have not subscribed to the database. It is sufficient to include only the homepage URL of the subscription database.