How to Cite an Interview in APA
Citing an Interview
APA reference lists only include works that can be found by the reader. As a personal interview is not published or “findable,” it should not be included in an APA reference list. Instead, a personal interview should be referenced as a parenthetical citation.
For example: (J. Smith, personal communication, May 17, 2008).
Any personal interview conducted via the following (and that are unpublished) can be considered “personal communication”:
- in-person interview
- phone interview
- text messages
- online chats
- unrecorded lectures
If you would like to include a personal interview as part of your APA reference list, then include the interviewee, the date of the interview, and the type of interview.
Interview Citation Structure:
Last name, F. (Year, Month date). Personal communication [Communication type].
Interview Citation Example:
Cloyd, A. (2014, July 29). Personal interview [Personal interview].
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