How to Cite an Interview in APA

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Citing an Interview

APA reference lists only include works that can be found by the reader. As a personal interview is not published or “findable,” it should not be included in an APA reference list. Instead, a personal interview should be referenced as a parenthetical citation.

For example:

(J. Smith, personal communication, May 17, 2008).

Any personal interview conducted via the following (and that are unpublished) can be considered “personal communication”:

  • in-person interview
  • email
  • phone interview
  • text messages
  • online chats
  • memos
  • unrecorded lectures

If you would like to include a personal interview as part of your APA reference list, then include the interviewee, the date of the interview, and the type of interview.

Interview Citation Structure:

Last name, F. (Year, Month date). Personal communication [Communication type].

Interview Citation Example:

Cloyd, A. (2014, July 29). Personal interview [Personal interview].


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