APA Basics: Web Rules
APA provides citation formats for many different source types found on the web, such as online newspapers, encyclopedias and blogs.
Tips for citing sources you find on the web:
- Only include retrieval date information if the source’s information is likely to change (i.e., wikis). Format it as follows: Retrieved Month Date, Year, from http://xxxxx
- If a URL runs across multiple lines of text in the citation, break the URL off before punctuation (e.g., periods, forward slashes) – except http://.
- Include the DOI (digital object identifier) in the citation. Format it as follows: doi:xxxx
- If no DOI is provided, include the URL of the homepage for the journal that published the article. Format as follows: Retrieved from http://www.xxxx.
- Do not include database information
Note: Purdue OWL includes database information, but the APA Publication Manual (6th ed.) does not. Check with your instructor to see if they required database and/or retrieval information.
General webpage articles:
If the source is not easily identified as an online:
- Reference work
- Government document
- Conference paper/proceeding
- Audiovisual media
- Internet message board/mailing list post
- Blog post
- Software, data set, training video
- Informally published work
…cite it as a general webpage article.
- Websites like TechCrunch and Gizmodo regularly publish articles, but are considered neither a blog, nor an online newspaper. These would be general website articles.
- Only include retrieval date information if the source is likely to change over time (i.e., wikis).
- Format it as follows: Retrieved Month Date, Year, from http://xxxxx
Examples of citations for an/a:
General website article with an author
Limer, E. (2013, October 1). Heck yes! The first free wireless plan is finally here. Retrieved from http://gizmodo.com/heck-yes-the-first-free-wireless-plan-is-finally-here- 1429566597
General website article with no author
India: Country specific information. (2013, October 3). Retrieved 2013, October 23 from http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1139.html
Note: Include the retrieval date and URL if the information on the site may change (this website includes information about laws, which can change over time).
Online newspaper article
Kaplan, K. (2013, October 22). Flu shots may reduce risk of heart attacks, strokes and even death. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from http://www.latimes.com
Note: Include the homepage URL of the online newspaper at the end of your citation.
Journal article (found in a database or elsewhere online)
Trier, J. (2007). “Cool” engagements with YouTube: Part 2. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 50(7), 598-603. doi: 10.1598/JAAL.50.7.8
Online encyclopedia article
Musser, G. (2013). Hedgehog. In Encyclopedia Brittanica. Retrieved from http://www.brittancia.com/EBchecked/topic/259273/hedgehog
Silver, N. (2013, July 15). Senate control in 2014 increasingly looks like a tossup [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://fivethirtyeight.blogs.nytimes.cmo/2013/07/15/senate-control-in-2014-increasingly-looks-like-a-tossup/