How to Cite an Encyclopedia in MLA

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Encyclopedia – A book or a series of books used for reference on a range of materials or numerous information typically around one subject.

Citing an Encyclopedia in Print

Works Cited
Structure

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Encyclopedia Name, edited by Editor’s First Name Last Name, Edition if not first edition, Volume number, Publisher Name, Year published, Page number(s).

Example

McGhee, Karen, and George McKay. “Old World Monkeys.” Encyclopedia of Animals. National Geographic Society, 2007, p. 30.

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Note: Well-known publications only require edition and year, and no other publication information.

In-text Citation
Structure

 (Last Name Page number)

Example

 (McGhee and McKay 20)

 


Citing an Encyclopedia Found Online

Works Cited
Structure

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Encyclopedia Name. Date published or updated, URL.

Example

McGhee, Karen, and George McKay. “Old World Monkeys.” Encyclopedia of Animals, 2007, books.google.vu/books?id=xJYMuAEACAAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false.

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Note: When citing sources reproduced online from their print versions, it is not necessary to include online information such as the website publisher or the date of the electronic publication. The date of the online publication was not available and was not included in the citation.

 

In-text Citation
Structure

 (Last Name)

Example

 (McGhee and McKay)

 


Citing an Encyclopedia Article Found in a Database

Works Cited
Structure

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Encyclopedia Name, edited by First M. Last, Edition if not first edition, vol. volume number,  Publisher, Year Published, abbreviated page number(s). Database Name, URL.

Example

Holmes, Heather. “Advertising of Food.” Encyclopedia of Food and Culture, edited by Soloman H. Katz, vol. 1, Scribner Publishing, 2003, pp. 16-20. Gale Virtual Reference Library, link-gale-com.i.ezproxy.nypl.org/apps/?userGroupName=nypl.

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Date accessed: This is the date you accessed the source.
Note: If no edition or volume number is given, leave it out.

In-text Citation
Structure

 (Last Name)

Example

 (Holmes)

 


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