How to Cite an Encyclopedia in MLA

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Encyclopedia – A book or a series of books used for reference on a range of materials or numerous information typically around one subject.

Citing an Encyclopedia in Print

Reference List
Structure Last, First M. “Article Title.” Encyclopedia Name. City: Publisher, Year Published. Page(s). Print.
Example McGhee, Karen, and George McKay. “Old World Monkeys.” Encyclopedia of Animals. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, 2007. 30. Print.

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Note: Well-known publications only require edition and year, and no other publication information.


Citing an Encyclopedia Found Online

Reference List
Structure Last, First M. “Article Title.” Encyclopedia Name. City: Publisher, Year Published. Page(s).Website Title. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.
Example McGhee, Karen, and George McKay. “Old World Monkeys.” Encyclopedia of Animals. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, 2007. 170-71. Google Books. Web. 2 July 2010.

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Note: When citing sources reproduced online from their print versions, it is not necessary to include online information such as the website publisher or the date of the electronic publication. The date of the online publication was not available and was not included in the citation.

 


Citing an Encyclopedia Article Found in a Database

Reference List
Structure Last, First M. “Article Title.”Encyclopedia Name. Ed. First M. Last. Vol. City: Publisher, Year Published. Page(s). Database Name. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.
Example Holmes, Heather. “Advertising of Food.”Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. Ed. Soloman H. Katz.Vol. 1. New York: Scriber’s, 2003. 16-20. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 2 July 2010.

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Date accessed: This is the date you accessed the source.
Note: If no edition or volume number is given, leave it out.
 


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