How to Cite a YouTube Video in Chicago/Turabian
Citing a YouTube video in Chicago style is much like citing other multimedia. In this guide, you’ll find more on how to create a Chicago YouTube video citation in notes-bibliography style, using the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style.
Here’s a run-through of everything this page includes:
- Citing the video in the text
- Creating a full citation
- Citing other online videos
- Including additional video information
- What you need
Citing the Video in the Text
With YouTube videos, it is often sufficient to just cite the video in-text. You’ll only need to include a full citation in your bibliography or reference list if you cite it frequently or if it is integral to your argument.
For notes and bibliography, this can mean simply a footnote or information woven into the text.
For this type of citation, you need to include at least the name and date of the video, as well as the author or creator. Here’s an example of weaving information into your text:
In his TED talk titled “An Ode to Living on Earth,” uploaded to YouTube on April 22, 2020, artist Oliver Jeffers offers a poetic exploration of what it means to be human.
Creating a Full Citation
For a brief citation, the reader can easily use the in-text citation to find this video on YouTube and no further reference is needed. However, if you are writing an entire essay about this video or are citing it frequently, you will need a more formal, full citation.
You want to make sure you include as much information as possible about the video itself and then where to find it (URL). The citation structure is flexible based on what information you can find.
You should include the following information:
- Name of the video author/creator
- Video title
- Organization or entity responsible (usually for publishing the video)
- Date uploaded
- Medium (example: YouTube video)
- Video duration
1. Oliver Jeffers, “An Ode to Living on Earth,” TED, April 22, 2020, YouTube video, 10:47, https://youtu.be/zpn6MCmoK0g.
Jeffers, Oliver. “An Ode to Living on Earth.” TED. April 22, 2020. YouTube video, 10:47. https://youtu.be/zpn6MCmoK0g.
Citing Other Online Videos
You can cite any type of online video by following the same principles as a YouTube video. Provide as much information as you can and use information that is relevant for your use of the video in your research. Here’s one example using a New York Times video:
1. Larry Buchanan et al., “Where Are All the Bob Ross Paintings? We Found Them,” New York Times, July 12, 2019, video, 10:50, https://www.nytimes.com/video/arts/100000005865824/bob-ross-paintings-mystery.html.
Buchanan, Larry, Aaron Byrd, Alicia DeSantis, and Emily Rhyne. “Where Are All the Bob Ross Paintings? We Found Them.” New York Times, July 12, 2019. Video, 10:50. https://www.nytimes.com/video/arts/100000005865824/bob-ross-paintings-mystery.html.
Including Additional Video Information
Citations for online multimedia are a little more fluid than materials like books and journal articles. You should follow the general structure outlined above and include information that is important for your research. Let’s review a few examples.
For YouTube videos without a specific person who is the creator, you can just use the channel name for the author. The channel name is often the organization or entity responsible for the creation of the video. Here’s an example:
1. Chatham Rabbits, “Good Things (Outweigh the Bad),” June 20, 2018, YouTube video, 4:21, https://youtu.be/Ja2_rC1EXyY.
Chatham Rabbits. “Good Things (Outweigh the Bad).” June 20, 2018. YouTube video, 4:21. https://youtu.be/Ja2_rC1EXyY.
If all you have is a username, use that in the place of the author, making sure to transcribe the username just as it appears on YouTube:
1. HelloMaphie, “Making Slime Underwater Challenge,” August 18, 2018, YouTube video, 10:07, https://youtu.be/Gwo3q_U9nmA.
HelloMaphie. “Making Slime Underwater Challenge.” August 18, 2018. YouTube video, 10:07. https://youtu.be/Gwo3q_U9nmA.
Focusing on One Contributor
If the director or producer of a video is important, include this information after the title, just like you would include information about the editor or translator after the title of a book.
1. NBC News, “Exclusive: Full Interview With Russian President Vladimir Putin,” interview by Keir Simmons, June 14, 2021, YouTube video, 1:22:52, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m6pJd6O_NT0.
NBC News. “Exclusive: Full Interview With Russian President Vladimir Putin.” Interview by Keir Simmons. June 14, 2021. YouTube video, 1:22:52. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m6pJd6O_NT0.
Highlighting the Creation or Upload Date
It might be important to include the dates of the video’s creation and the date it was uploaded. If so, you can alter the citation to include this, using phrases such as “created” or “posted” before the dates to clarify.
If the event the video is depicting is important, include that information after the title and before the date. Do your best to adapt a known structure in Chicago style and make it work for the information you feel is important to your research. See CMOS 14.267 and Turabian 184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11 for more examples and information about adapting citations for multimedia.
1. CNET, “Amazon’s Entire 2021 Event in 11 Minutes (Supercut),” Amazon 2021 Fall Product Event, September 28, 2021, YouTube video, 10:56, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uz6iQRVepq0.
CNET, “Amazon’s Entire 2021 Event in 11 Minutes (Supercut).” Amazon 2021 Fall Product Event. September 28, 2021. YouTube video, 10:56. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uz6iQRVepq0.
If you are citing a video multiple times, you might think about including timestamps where you would typically cite the page number(s) referenced. For example, for a shortened note you would use: Jeffers, “Ode,” at 2:06-2:40.
What You Need
A citation for a YouTube video generally includes information on the following:
- Author/creator name
- Video title
- Publication or creation date
- Publishing/creating entity (if applicable)
- Information about the medium
- Video duration
- Video URL
This information is usually easy to find on a YouTube video. You can get a condensed link for a YouTube video to make your citation look nicer by clicking on “share” and then copying the shortened link that appears on the screen.
The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017. https://doi.org/10.7208/cmos17.
Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 9th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2018.
Written by Janice Hansen. Janice has a doctorate in literature and a master’s degree in library science. She spends a lot of time with rare books and citations.
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