8 months, 1 week ago Elise BarbeauKeymaster
The Chicago citation style uses two main methods for citing resources: The “Notes and Bibliography” method and the “Author-Date” method.
What are the differences?
The Notes and Bibliography method uses numbered footnotes or end notes to cite resources, and has a corresponding bibliography at the end of the paper. This style is most frequently used in history or humanities courses.
1. Colson Whitehead, The Underground Railroad (New York: Doubleday-Penguin Random House LLC, 2016), 124.
Whitehead, Colson. The Underground Railroad. New York: Doubleday-Penguin Random House LLC, 2016.
The Author-Date method uses in-text parenthetical references and a corresponding “Reference List,” much like APA style. The parenthetical citation contains the author’s last name and the publication year. The entry in the Reference List is also different from a Bibliography entry, in that the date moves forward to the space just after the author’s name.
Reference List Example:
Whitehead, Colson. 2016. The Underground Railroad. New York: Doubleday-Penguin Random House LLC.
When should I use which style?
You should always check with your teacher or professor if you are unsure of which type of Chicago Style referencing you should use. If they do not have a preference, pick the option you prefer, but be sure to be consistent throughout your paper.
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