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What’s New in Turabian 9th Edition

Attention, Turabian lovers! Earlier this year, the 9th edition of A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, otherwise known as “Turabian,” was launched and listed new guidelines for formatting citations. We at, carefully reviewed the updates and identified two important changes we believe you need to know before jumping in to write your next research paper.

Keep in mind that Turabian style is a companion to Chicago Manual of style. The changes in the 9th edition of Turabian reflect the changes published in the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style.

Like Chicago style, Turabian has two distinct types of citation formatting rules: Author-Date and Note-Bibliography. Always check with your instructor if you are unsure of which type to use in your paper.

Changes in Author-Date Style

The publication year can now be repeated in some types of citations. 

The year can now be repeated in citations that include the publication month and day.

Jennings, Ralph. 2018. “Taiwan’s Once Mighty High-Tech Sector Is Falling Behind Because of Low Pay.” Forbes, February 15, 2018. Accessed April 23, 2018. //

Changes in Notes-Bibliography Style

The treatment of a title in website citations now depends on the website.

If the website has a print counterpart, such as the website for a newspaper, the title should be in italics. If it does not, it should not be in italics.


  • The New York Times
  • Gizmodo

Use of “ibid.” is no longer encouraged.

Ibid is the abbreviated version of the Latin word ibidem, meaning “in the same place.” Previously, if you used the same source two times or more in a note, you could use ibid instead of re-listing the same information.

Now, according to the new 9th edition, you should include a shortened footnote citation. To avoid repetition, the title of a work that has just been cited may be left out.

  1. Middlekauff, Glorious Revolution, 401–2.
    2. Middlekauff, 433.
    3. Jacobs, Women in Africa, 37–38.
    4. Jacobs, 201–2.

If you have Chicago style citing needs, give EasyBib Plus a try. In addition to having a footnotes tool, access thousands of citation styles including APA format, MLA style, and more!

Elise Barbeau

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