President Barack Obama waving goodbye

How to Cite President Obama’s Farewell Address

President Barack Obama delivered his farewell address to the nation on Tuesday, January 10th, signifying the end of his historic time in office. Now you’ve been tasked by your teacher to write about and cite it.

Let’s review how you can easily cite this speech if it was found online as a transcript or a video.

How to Cite a Transcript of the Speech

One transcript of President Obama’s farewell address is found on the White House’s website.

In order to cite the transcript, locate the following pieces of information:

  1. The author’s name
  2. Title of the article or individual page
  3. Title of the website
  4. Name of the publisher
  5. Date that the resource was published
  6. Date the resource was retrieved
  7. The URL or direct link to the resource

Use the following structure to cite the online transcript in MLA 8:

Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Title of the Website, Name of the publisher, Date the resource was published, URL.

The above transcript of President Obama’s speech would be cited like this in MLA 8:

Obama, Barack. “President Obama’s Farewell Address.” The White House, The United States Government, 10 Jan. 2017, www.whitehouse.gov/farewell.

Use the following structure to cite the online transcript in APA:

Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year published). Title of the article or individual page [Format]. Retrieved from URL

The above transcript of President Obama’s speech would be cited like this in APA:

Obama, B. (2017). President Obama’s farewell address [Transcript]. Retrieved from http://www.whitehouse.gov/farewell

Use the following structure to cite the online transcript in Chicago:

Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Accessed date. URL.

The above transcript of President Obama’s speech would be cited like this in Chicago:

Obama, Barack. “President Obama’s Farewell Address.” Accessed January 12, 2017. http://www.whitehouse.gov/farewell.


 

How to Cite a Video Recording of the Speech

One video of President Obama’s farewell address is found on the White House’s YouTube channel.

In order to cite a video recording of the speech, locate the following pieces of information:

  1. The creator’s name (sometimes an organization)
  2. Title of the video
  3. Title of the website
  4. Contributors and their roles (e.g. commentary by, performance by, directed by, etc.)
  5. Name of the publisher
  6. Date that the video was uploaded
  7. Date the video was retrieved
  8. The URL or direct link to the video
  9. Length of the video

Use the following structure to cite the video in MLA 8:

Last name, First name. “Title of the Video.” Title of the website, Date the resource was published, URL.

The above video of President Obama’s speech would be cited like this in MLA 8:

Obama, Barack. “Farewell Address to the American People.” YouTube, 10 Jan. 2017, www.youtube.com/watch?v=QDyjUIsD-wQ.

Use the following structure to cite the video in APA:

Screen name. (Full date the resource was published). Title of the video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL

The above video of President Obama’s speech would be cited like this in APA:

The White House. (2017, January 10). Farewell address to the American people [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QDyjUIsD-wQ

Use the following structure to cite the video in Chicago:

Last name, First name. “Title of the Video.” Website name and video, Length of the Video. Date video was published. URL.

The above video of President Obama’s speech would be cited like this in Chicago:

Obama, Barack. “Farewell Address to the American People.” YouTube video, 51:25. Posted January 10, 2017. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QDyjUIsD-wQ.


Photo Source: “20141010-OSEC-BR-0011” by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Licensed under CC BY 2.0. Original image was cropped.

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