How to Cite Hamilton the Musical

How to Cite Hamilton: An American Musical

Hamilton: An American Musical is one of the most popular and critically-acclaimed Broadway shows ever, earning $3.3 million in one week in 2016. So what do you do if you want to cite a show like Hamilton in your research paper? This guide can help!

How you experienced Hamilton will affect the formatting of your citation. For example, if you saw the show in person, your citation will be different than if you read the play or listened to the soundtrack.

Let’s take a more in-depth look at some of the most frequently used formatting options. Please note that these examples are not comprehensive, and you should always check with your teacher if you have any questions about how to make your citations.

To cite a play or musical properly, identify as many of the following pieces of information as possible or applicable to your citation:

  1. Playwright
  2. Name(s) of the main performer (s)
  3. Play Title (in quotes)
  4. Publication Title (italicized)
  5. Editor
  6. Publisher
  7. Record Label/Studio
  8. Publication Year
  9. Publication City
  10. Page Number (p.) or Page Numbers (pp.)

A. How to cite Hamilton from a publication:

MLA Format (8th edition)

Use the following structure to cite a published play in MLA format:

Playwright last name, First name. “Play Title.” Publication Title, edited by Editor First and Last name, Publication Year, Page numbers.

Here’s how the above example looks in MLA format:

Miranda, Lin-Manuel. “Hamilton: An American Musical.” Hamilton: The Revolution, edited by Jeremy McCarter, Grand Central Publishing, 2016, pp. 23-26.

APA Format

Use the following structure to cite a published play in APA format:

Playwright last name, First initial. (Year published). Play title. In Editor first initial. Last name (Ed.), Publication Title (Page numbers). Publication City: Publisher.

Here’s how the above example looks as an APA citation:

Miranda, L. (2016). Hamilton: an American musical. In J. McCarter (Ed.), Hamilton: the revolution (pp. 23-26). New York: Grand Central Publishing.

Chicago Format

Use the following structure to cite a published play in Chicago format:

Playwright Last name, First name. “Play Title.” In Publication Title. Edited by Editor Name. Publication City: Publisher, Publication date.

Here’s how the above example looks in Chicago format:

Miranda, Lin-Manuel. “Hamilton: An American Musical.” In Hamilton: The Revolution. Edited by Jeremy McCarter. New York: Grand Central Publishing, 2016.

 

B. How to cite Hamilton as a live performance:

MLA Format (8th edition)

Use the following structure to cite a live performance in MLA format:

Performance Title. By Playwright First Name Last Name, directed by Director First Name Last Name, Date Seen, Theatre, City, State. Performance.

Here’s how the above example looks in MLA format:

Hamilton: An American Musical. By Lin-Manuel Miranda, directed by Thomas Kail, 21 Apr. 2016, Richard Rodgers Theatre, New York, NY. Performance.

APA Format

Use the following structure to cite a live performance in APA format:

Playwright Last Name, First Initial (Writer), & Director Last Name, First Initial (Director). (Date Seen). Performance title. Live performance at Theater Name, City, State.

Here’s how the above example looks in APA format:

Miranda, L. (Writer), & Kail, T. (Director). (2016, April 21). Hamilton: an American musical. Live performance at the Richard Rodgers Theatre, New York, NY.

Chicago Format

Use the following structure to cite a live performance in Chicago format:

As live performances cannot be referenced directly by the reader, only a reference within the text and a supporting footnote is sufficient in Chicago style. You do not need an entry in the bibliography.

Here is an example of a reference within the text and a footnote for Hamilton:

In a performance of Lin-Manuel Miranda’s Hamilton at the Richard Rodgers Theatre in New York…

  1. Hamilton: An American Musical, music and lyrics by Lin-Manuel Miranda, dir. Thomas Kail, Richard Rodgers Theatre, New York, NY, February 2, 2016.

 

C. How to cite the Hamilton soundtrack:

MLA Format (8th Edition)

Use the following structure to cite a soundtrack in MLA format:

Soundtrack Title. Performers’ Names. Record Label/Studio, Year Released.

Here’s how the above example looks in MLA format:

Hamilton: An America Musical. Performances by Lin-Manuel Miranda, Leslie Odom Jr., Phillipa Soo, and Jonathan Groff. Atlantic Records, 2015.

APA Format

Use the following structure to cite a soundtrack in APA format:

Performer Last Name, First Initial. (Year Released). Soundtrack title [Format of recording]. City where recorded: Record Label/Studio.

Here is how the above example looks in APA format:

Miranda, L. (2015). Hamilton: an American Musical [MP3]. New York: Atlantic Records. 

Chicago Format

Use the following structure to cite a soundtrack in Chicago format:

Performer Last Name, Performer First Name. Soundtrack Title. Record Label, Year Released, Format of Recording.

Here is how the above example looks in Chicago format:

Miranda, Lin Manuel. Hamilton: An American Musical. Atlantic Records, 2015, MP3.

 

Elise Barbeau

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